How to install and turn on soap

To install soap in Ubuntu/Debian, run the command:

sudo apt-get install php-soap

In CentOS like this:

sudo yum install php-soap

Look for the name of the package, if that’s possible:

apt-cache search php | grep -i soap
yum search php | grep -i soap

You can activate/deactivate the module like this:

sudo phpenmod soap
sudo phpdismod soap

Restart Apache2 to apply the changes:

sudo service apache2 restart

Let’s see if soap is activated:

php -i | grep -i soap

Setting up a backup space for Hetzner.de

On the test went into https://robot.your-server.de/, has opened Main functions – Servers, selected the server and in the tab Backup activated free 100GB, since for servers costing 39 € or more this place was allocated for free.
Activated WebDAV to test, samba was already activated, it is also possible to connect via FTP, FTPS, SFTP and SCP using a user name and password, via SFTP/SCP, you can also connect using the key.
The speed of data transfer to the backup server depends on the number of connected users and their traffic.
When connecting, use a domain name, for example USER.your-backup.de, because the IP address can change.
Also, you can not create the /etc and /lib directories in place for backups.

For an example in Ubuntu Server, I will mount a backup location using SAMBA/CIFS.
Install the necessary utilities and create a directory in which we will mount:

sudo apt-get install cifs-utils
sudo mkdir /backup

Temporarily mount the place with the command:

sudo mount.cifs -o user=USER,pass=PASSWORD //USER.your-backup.de/backup /backup

To automatically mount after rebooting the system, add the following line to the / etc / fstab file:

//USER.your-backup.de/backup /backup   cifs  iocharset=utf8,rw,credentials=/etc/backup-credentials.txt,uid=SYSTEM_USER,gid=SYSTEM_GROUP,file_mode=0660,dir_mode=0770 0 0

To open a file it is possible for example with the text editor nano (CTRL+X for an output, y/n for saving or canceling changes):

sudo nano /etc/fstab

And add the following lines to the file /etc/backup-credentials.txt:

username=USER
password=PASSWORD

We will only set permissions for the file owner for security reasons:

sudo chmod 600 /etc/backup-credentials.txt

If you use the Windows operating system, you need to create a system user with the same login and password as the backup location.

Now I will connect to the test via WebDAV.
Install the necessary utilities and create a directory in which we will mount:

sudo apt-get install davfs2
sudo mkdir /backup

In CentOS:

yum install davfs2
mkdir /backup

Temporarily to mount through WebDAV a place it is possible a command:

sudo mount -t davfs https://USER.your-backup.de /backup

To automatically mount after rebooting the system, add the following line to the /etc/fstab file:

https://USER.your-backup.de /backup davfs rw,uid=SYSTEM_USER,gid=SYSTEM_GROUP,file_mode=0660,dir_mode=0770 0 0

And in the file /etc/davfs2/secrets the following line:

https://USER.your-backup.de USER PASSWORD

That’s all, in my case, you can save backups to the /backup directory.

Redirecting requests to SSL

I will describe several options for redirecting requests from HTTP to HTTPS, the first and second methods are the most reliable:

1) Across virtual hosts.
In the site configuration, add the line “Redirect”, for example, when an SSL certificate was installed on the site and you need to redirect all requests to HTTPS:

NameVirtualHost *:80
<VirtualHost *:80>
   ServerName ixnfo.com
   ServerAlias www.ixnfo.com
   Redirect / https://ixnfo.com/
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:443>
   ServerName ixnfo.com
   ServerAlias www.ixnfo.com
   DocumentRoot /var/www/html
   SSLEngine On
   ...
</VirtualHost>

If you want to redirect only some requests:

NameVirtualHost *:80
<VirtualHost *:80>
   ServerName ixnfo.com
   ServerAlias www.ixnfo.com
   Redirect /forum https://forum.ixnfo.com/
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:443>
   ServerName ixnfo.com
   ServerAlias www.ixnfo.com
   DocumentRoot /var/www/html
   SSLEngine On
   ...
</VirtualHost>

2) Redirecting using .htaccess.
Similarly, as in the first version, put the .htaccess file in the desired directory of the site and add a line to it (so that the web server takes into account the .htaccess file, you need to specify the option AllowOverride All in the site configuration above):

Redirect /forum https://forum.ixnfo.com/

3) And not the recommended way, using mod_rewrite, the content should be added to the .htaccess file:

# Enabling the Rewrite function
RewriteEngine On
# Verify that the connection is not HTTPS
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
# We are sending to the same place, but already HTTPS:
RewriteRule ^/?(.*) https://%{SERVER_NAME}/$1 [R,L]

Another example:

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
Options +FollowSymLinks
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(.+)$
RewriteCond %{SERVER_NAME} ^ixnfo\.com$ [OR]
RewriteCond %{SERVER_NAME} ^www\.ixnfo\.com$
RewriteRule .* https://%{SERVER_NAME}%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L]
Header add Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=300"
</IfModule>

To allow some pages to open via http and https, add the following in the top example:

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/dir/
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/dir/file.php

See also:
Using .htaccess
How to configure SSL and HTTPS for WordPress
Installing Certbot in Ubuntu

Updating phpBB 3.0.x to phpBB 3.1.x

Updated recently phpBB 3.0.12 to 3.1.8, auto update here does not help, so I will describe the procedure for updating the items:

1) Be sure to make a backup copy of the files and the database of the forum. We will make the standard topic prosilver, disable the rest of the styles and modules, as they will not work on the new version of phpBB.

2) Download the archive with the new version of phpBB from the official site “https://www.phpbb.com/downloads/”.

3) On the server, delete all the files and folders of the forum except the file config.php and directories images, files, store.

4) Unpack the downloaded archive, delete the file config.php and directories images, files, store. Move the rest of the files to the server.

5) In the browser, open the forum address by specifying a database update script, for example http://FORUM/install/database_update.php and following the instructions, perform the update.
At this point, I had an error:

PHP Fatal error:  Uncaught exception 'Twig_Error_Loader' with message 'Unable to find template "login_body.html" ...
...

I suspect that the information in the database in the phpbb_migrations table did not allow the script to fully update. So I solved the problem by restoring the old forum base by clearing this phpbb_migrations table via phpMyAdmin or by sql query:

TRUNCATE TABLE phpbb_migrations

And again running the database update script http://FORUM/install/database_update.php, which this time performed the update correctly.

At the end of the update, remove the install directory and clear the cache via the administration panel of the forum. Done.

See also:
Solution of error “A module already exists” and “The installer detected a timeout” when updating phpBB

Installing and configuring ownCloud

ownCloud – Web application for synchronization, sharing and remote storage of data in the “cloud”.

Perform the installation of ownCloud for example in Ubuntu:

sudo apt-get install owncloud

I noticed that in Ubuntu, at the time of installation I tested on Ubuntu 14.04.03 LTS, canceled the installation of ownCloud from the repository, so you can add a third party and install or update from it. We look at the sources https://software.opensuse.org/package/owncloud

On Ubuntu 14.04, for example, installation from a third-party repository is performed by the following commands:

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/isv:/ownCloud:/community/xUbuntu_14.04/ /' >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/owncloud.list"
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install owncloud

The next step is to open the web interface http://server/owncloud in the browser and create the login and password for the administrator account, as well as specify the type of database to store the settings, accounts and other information owncloud.
For better performance, it’s better to use the mysql database, for this we will install the MySQL server and create it:

sudo apt-get install mysql-server
mysql -u root -p
create database owncloud;
grant all privileges on owncloud.* to owncloud@localhost  identified by 'ПАРОЛЬ';
exit

To be able to upload large files into owncloud, you will need to edit /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini by changing the upload_max_filesize and post_max_size in it, for example to 2048mb.

See also:
Install Nextcloud in Ubuntu

Configuring printing in Firefox

To configure printing in Mozilla Firefox, open the settings menu on the right, select “Print “, in the preview window that appears, click the “ Options” button, in the next window that appears, put the tick “Compress to page width, and in the “Fields and headers and footers” tab, specify the required fields, in my case it was reduced to 1, because the checks were printed on a narrow tape of the thermal printer and standard Only a couple of characters fit in one line.

The second option is to type and open in the address bar:

about:config

Click “I take the risk!”
In the field “Search” type:

print_printer

Right-click on the desired printer and select “Reset.”

If this does not help, check the print settings in the printer properties, in the operating system control panel, and try printing in other browsers.