To disable all WordPress plugins via MySQL, you must:
1) Be sure to make a backup copy of the database.
2) Open the phpMyAdmin or MySQL client from the terminal:
mysql -u USER -p
3) Execute the SQL query (if necessary, specify the correct prefix wp_):
UPDATE wp_options SET option_value = '' WHERE option_name = 'active_plugins';
After that, all plug-ins will be disabled and you can activate them again one by one in the admin panel.
You can also temporarily disable the plugin by renaming the directory with its files, the plugins are in the /wp-content/plugins/ directory.