How to install Observium on Ubuntu

I will give an example of installing the Observium monitoring system in Ubuntu Server 20.04.

Immediately switch to the root user:

sudo su

Install the necessary components for Observium to work:

apt-get update
apt-get install libapache2-mod-php php-cli php-mysql php-mysqli php-gd php-json php-pear snmp fping mysql-server mysql-client python3-mysqldb rrdtool subversion whois mtr-tiny ipmitool graphviz imagemagick apache2 python3-pymysql python-is-python3

Create a directory and download Observium:

mkdir -p /opt/observium && cd /opt
tar zxvf observium-community-latest.tar.gz

Connect to MySQL, create the database and user:

mysql -u root -p
CREATE USER 'observium'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON observium.* TO 'observium'@'localhost';

Create the configuration file from the example and specify the name of the user created by MySQL and the password in it:

cd /opt/observium
cp config.php.default config.php
nano /opt/observium/config.php

Import the data into the created database:

./discovery.php -u

Create the missing directories:

mkdir logs
mkdir rrd
chown www-data:www-data rrd

Create a configuration file for apache2:

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/observium.conf

Add to it:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
    DocumentRoot /opt/observium/html
    <FilesMatch \.php$>
      SetHandler application/x-httpd-php
    <Directory />
            Options FollowSymLinks
            AllowOverride None
    <Directory /opt/observium/html/>
            DirectoryIndex index.php
            Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
            AllowOverride All
            Require all granted
    ErrorLog  ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/observium_error.log
    LogLevel warn
    CustomLog  ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/observium_access.log combined
    ServerSignature On

Turn off the standard apache2 configuration file and activate the new one, and also activate the necessary modules and restart apache2 to apply the changes:

a2dissite 000-default
a2ensite observium
a2dismod mpm_event
a2enmod mpm_prefork
a2enmod rewrite
systemctl restart apache2

Add an administrator with a maximum level of rights of 10:

./adduser.php USERNAME PASSWORD 10

You can add a device:

./add_device.php HOST COMMUNITY v2c
./discovery.php -h all
./poller.php -h all

Create a file for periodic tasks:

nano /etc/cron.d/observium

Add to it:

# Run a complete discovery of all devices once every 6 hours
33  */6   * * *   root    /opt/observium/discovery.php -h all >> /dev/null 2>&1

# Run automated discovery of newly added devices every 5 minutes
*/5 *     * * *   root    /opt/observium/discovery.php -h new >> /dev/null 2>&1

# Run multithreaded poller wrapper every 5 minutes
*/5 *     * * *   root    /opt/observium/ >> /dev/null 2>&1

# Run housekeeping script daily for syslog, eventlog and alert log
13 5 * * * root /opt/observium/housekeeping.php -ysel >> /dev/null 2>&1

# Run housekeeping script daily for rrds, ports, orphaned entries in the database and performance data
47 4 * * * root /opt/observium/housekeeping.php -yrptb >> /dev/null 2>&1

See also my articles:
Installing and Configuring the Apache2 Web Server
Zabbix installation on Ubuntu from distribution packages
Install and configure Cacti

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