Postfix — mail transfer agent (MTA) with open source.
Assume that the IP address of the server is configured with a domain name, from which the mail will be sent in the future.
Switch directly to the root user:
Proceed to install Postfix.
To install in Ubuntu, perform:
apt-get update apt-get install postfix
For installation in CentOS:
yum install postfix
During the installation, some questions will be asked:
1) Choose the “Internet site”
2) Specify the fully qualified domain name server (FQDN), for example example.com
After that Postfix will start working.
Configuration files are usually found in /etc/postfix.
We can look at the status/restart/stop/start Postfix commands:
service postfix status service postfix restart service postfix stop service postfix start
If necessary, you can reconfigure by typing the following command:
Let’s see if the ports are used:
netstat -na | grep LISTEN | grep 25 netstat -na | grep LISTEN | grep 587
You can perform an automatic check of configuration, permissions on files, etc .:
Let’s try to send the letter to the specified address (after the command we will type the desired text and put a point for completion):
sendmail -v firstname.lastname@example.org
You can search the logs for the information you need via grep, for example, find all the lines that contain email@example.com:
grep firstname.lastname@example.org /var/log/mail.log
You can also connect from another host to the postfix port via telnet and make sure that it is running.
For diagnostics, you can observe the connections using tcpdump:
tcpdump port 25 tcpdump port 587
The message queue can be viewed with the commands:
mailq | less postqueue -p | less qshape qshape deferred
View current and default parameters:
postconf postconf -d
An example of viewing a specific parameter:
postconf | grep message_size_limit
An example of a parameter change (similar to a change in the configuration file):
postconf -e 'message_size_limit = 20480000'
If there are more than one IP on the server, and the domain is only on one, we will specify from which IP the sending will be done:
sudo nano /etc/postfix/main.cf smtp_bind_address = 18.104.22.168
You can also specify on which interfaces Postfix will work:
#inet_interfaces = all inet_interfaces = 127.0.0.1
Restart Postfix to apply the changes:
sudo /etc/init.d/postfix restart
See also my articles:
- Configuring Spamassassin + Postfix
- Configuring ClamAV + Postfix
- How to enable port 587 in Postfix
- Solution “SMTPUTF8 is required, but was not offered by host”