Let’s review the existing disks:
sudo fdisk -l | grep '/dev/sd'
We display the fdisk menu for further work, for example with the disk /dev/sda:
sudo fdisk /dev/sda
Help can be obtained by pressing the “m” key, exit without saving the changes with the “q” key.
Before mounting, you must create any empty directory:
sudo mkdir /mnt/disk
For example, I connected an external HDD drive for backup copies and mounted with the following command:
sudo mkdir /backup_flows sudo mount -t auto /dev/sdb1 /backup_flows
You can unmount a disk with the command:
The /etc/fstab file contains information about all the partitions mounted at boot:
sudo nano /etc/fstab
To learn the UUID of partitions, you can use the command:
You can format the command with:
sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdb1
The table of the file system can be seen by the command: