The solution of the “System error 1231 has occurred” when connecting a network drive

I once needed to connect a network drive to make a backup copy of the system, but an error occurred when I executed the connection command:

C:\Users\Administrator>net use K:\\192.168.0.5\dir /persistent:no /user:name password
System error 1231 has occurred.
The network location cannot be reached. For information about network troublesho
oting, see Windows Help.

Later I determined that in the connection properties on the local network (also called Ethernet and Local Area Connection), the checkboxes for “Client for Microsoft Networks” and “File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks” were removed.

After I ticked these components and applied, the disk successfully connected:

C:\Users\Administrator>net use K:\\192.168.0.5\dir /persistent:no /user:name password
The command completed successfully.

Error 1231 can also be displayed if, for example, the Netbios ports are blocked on the firewall or on the provider’s equipment so that users do not see the shared disks.

See also my article – Installing and Configuring Samba on Linux

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