Installing and Configuring SNMPD + MRTG

MRTG (Multi Router Traffic Grapher) – a tool for displaying various data in graphs.

The installation command in Ubuntu/Debian:

sudo apt-get install mrtg snmp snmpd

In CentOS:

yum install mrtg net-snmp net-snmp-utils

The command below can tell you which additional modules are in the repository:

apt-cache search mrtg

Open the configuration file /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf

sudo nano /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf

Comment on the line:

com2sec paranoid default public

And uncomment the line:

com2sec readonly default public

Restart snmpd so that changes to the configuration file take effect:

sudo /etc/init.d/snmpd restart

You can check snmp by commands:

netstat -nlp | grep snmpd
snmpwalk -v2с -c public localhost

Beginners can generate a simple configuration file with the command:

sudo cfgmaker public@localhost >> /etc/mrtg.cfg

where public is the name of the community (the password is in other words), and localhost is the host address or ip.

Example of starting the configuration file /etc/mrtg.cfg:

WorkDir: /var/www/mrtg
Options[_]: growright, bits, nobanner
Background[_]: #B0C4DE
EnableIPv6: no
Language: russian
EnableSnmpV3: no
Interval: 10
Refresh: 600
Include: /etc/mrtg/server1.cfg
Include: /etc/mrtg/server2.cfg

Create the working directory:

sudo mkdir /var/www/mrtg

Then you must write or generate the index.html file with the command:

sudo indexmaker /etc/mrtg.cfg > /var/www/mrtg/index.html

We look at the log /var/log/mrtg.log so that there are no errors.

Here is an example of setting up SNMP on D-Link switches:

private CommunityView Read Write
public CommunityView Read Only

Example of a manual start script (mrtg.sh):

#!/bin/bash
#run mrtg
LANG=C
export $LANG
/usr/bin/mrtg /etc/mrtg.cfg --logging /var/log/mrtg.log
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