Monitoring of Apache2 parameters in Zabbix

Install the necessary components:

sudo apt-get install curl

Activate the module information about apache2 (usually it is activated initially):

sudo a2enmod info

Open the configuration file of the module and specify the IP address of the zabbix server to allow it to view information about apache2 (if apache2 is on the local machine, then access is usually allowed by specifying local or 127.0.0.1):

sudo nano /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/status.conf

In the nano editor, CTRL+X is used to exit and y/n to save or discard changes. Example of specifying IP:

<Location /server-status>
    SetHandler server-status
    Require local
    Require ip 192.168.1.5
</Location>

Restart the web server to apply the changes:

sudo service apache2 restart

Now the information about apache2 is available through the browser by the link http://HOST/server-status

Let’s move on to Zabbix. Create a folder for scripts if it does not exist:

mkdir /etc/zabbix/scripts/
chown root:zabbix -R /etc/zabbix/scripts/
chmod 750 /etc/zabbix/scripts/

In the zabbix server configuration file, we specify the path to this folder:

sudo nano /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf
ExternalScripts=PATH

Now I will give the content of the script:

#!/bin/bash
if [[ -z "$1" || -z "$2" || -z "$3" ]]; then
  exit 1
fi
##### PARAMETERS #####
RESERVED="$1"
METRIC="$2"
URL="$3"
STATSURL="${URL}?auto"
#
CACHE_TTL="55"
CACHE_FILE="/tmp/zabbix.apache2.`echo ${URL} | md5sum | cut -d" " -f1`.cache"
EXEC_TIMEOUT="2"
NOW_TIME=`date '+%s'`
##### RUN #####
if [ -s "${CACHE_FILE}" ]; then
  CACHE_TIME=`stat -c"%Y" "${CACHE_FILE}"`
else
  CACHE_TIME=0
fi
DELTA_TIME=$((${NOW_TIME} - ${CACHE_TIME}))
#
if [ ${DELTA_TIME} -lt ${EXEC_TIMEOUT} ]; then
  sleep $((${EXEC_TIMEOUT} - ${DELTA_TIME}))
elif [ ${DELTA_TIME} -gt ${CACHE_TTL} ]; then
  echo "" >> "${CACHE_FILE}" # !!!
  DATACACHE=`curl -sS --insecure --max-time ${EXEC_TIMEOUT} "${STATSURL}" 2>&1`
  echo "${DATACACHE}" > "${CACHE_FILE}" # !!!
  echo "URL=${URL}"  >> "${CACHE_FILE}" # !!!
  chmod 640 "${CACHE_FILE}"
fi
#
if [ "${METRIC}" = "accesses" ]; then
  cat "${CACHE_FILE}" | grep -i "accesses" | cut -d':' -f2 | head -n1
fi
if [ "${METRIC}" = "kbytes" ]; then
  cat "${CACHE_FILE}" | grep -i "kbytes" | cut -d':' -f2 | head -n1
fi
if [ "${METRIC}" = "cpuload" ]; then
  cat "${CACHE_FILE}" | grep -i "cpuload" | cut -d':' -f2 | head -n1
fi
if [ "${METRIC}" = "uptime" ]; then
  cat "${CACHE_FILE}" | grep -i "uptime" | cut -d':' -f2 | head -n1
fi
if [ "${METRIC}" = "avgreq" ]; then
  cat "${CACHE_FILE}" | grep -i "ReqPerSec" | cut -d':' -f2 | head -n1
fi
if [ "${METRIC}" = "avgreqbytes" ]; then
  cat "${CACHE_FILE}" | grep -i "BytesPerReq" | cut -d':' -f2 | head -n1
fi
if [ "${METRIC}" = "avgbytes" ]; then
  cat "${CACHE_FILE}" | grep -i "BytesPerSec" | cut -d':' -f2 | head -n1
fi
if [ "${METRIC}" = "busyworkers" ]; then
  cat "${CACHE_FILE}" | grep -i "BusyWorkers" | cut -d':' -f2 | head -n1
fi
if [ "${METRIC}" = "idleworkers" ]; then
  cat "${CACHE_FILE}" | grep -i "idleworkers" | cut -d':' -f2 | head -n1
fi
if [ "${METRIC}" = "totalslots" ]; then
  cat "${CACHE_FILE}" | grep -i "Scoreboard" | cut -d':' -f2 | sed -e 's/ //g' | wc -c | awk '{print $1-1}'
fi
#
exit 0

Let’s make the script file executable:

chown root:zabbix /etc/zabbix/scripts/apache2-status.sh
chmod 550 /etc/zabbix/scripts/apache2-status.sh

Script validation example:

sudo -u zabbix /etc/zabbix/scripts/apache2-status.sh none accesses http://HOST/server-status

Open the zabbix agent configuration file in the editor:

sudo nano /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf

And we will specify the following parameters:

UserParameter=apache2[*],/etc/zabbix/scripts/apache2-status.sh "none" "$1" "$2"

Some commands allow you to see the number of apache2 processes and connections to port 80, for this you do not need a script, for example, you can specify:

UserParameter=apache2.count_processes,ps aux | grep apache | wc -l
UserParameter=connections_on_80_port,netstat -na | grep :80 | wc -l

Restart the zabbix agent to apply the changes:

sudo /etc/init.d/zabbix-agent restart

Let’s check:

zabbix_get -s 127.0.0.1 -k "apache2[accesses,http://HOST/server-status]"

Now we will create a template and add data elements, an example of created data items:

apache2[KEY,http://HOST/server-status]

Exported ready template – apache2-status

We also need to add a macro to the monitored host:

Macro: {$APACHE_STATS_URL}
Value: http://HOST/server-status

Done.

The number of apache2 processes can be obtained from the Zabbix agent by creating on the Zabbix server a data element with a key:

proc.num[apache2]
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