Using netwox

I will give examples of using netwox and describe them.
I described the netwox installation in this article – Установка netwox

Example of a standard startup:

sudo netwox

netwox has quite a lot of functions, you can see them by pressing after starting the number 3 and Enter.

Network configuration display:

sudo netwox 1

Display debugging information:

sudo netwox 2

Display information about the IP address or host name:

sudo netwox 3

Displaying information about the MAC address:

sudo netwox 4 -e 00:15:5D:38:01:08

Obtaining MAC addresses from the IP list:

sudo netwox 5 -i

Display information that will be used to reach the specified IP address:

sudo netwox 6

Sniffer, displaying the transmitted packets on the screen:

sudo netwox 7

Sniffer, displaying only the list of open ports that were used in the captured packets:

sudo netwox 8

Sniffer, mapping of MAC and IP addresses:

sudo netwox 9

An example of capturing packets and displaying brief statistics (the number of packets counted, the size of packages, the percentage of the number of packets (c%), the percentage of the size (s%)):

netwox 10 -d eth0

Convert a digit to an encrypted one:

sudo netwox 21 -n number

Converting a string to an encrypted string (sha256, md5, etc.):

sudo netwox 22 -d text

Show ASCII table:

sudo netwox 23

Check the security of the directory:

sudo netwox 25 /tmp/

Example of ICMP PING:

sudo netwox 49 -i

Example of ARP PING:

sudo netwox 55 -i

Example ICMP route tracing:

sudo netwox 57 -i

Example of TCP route tracing:

sudo netwox 59 -i

Example UDP route tracing:

sudo netwox 61 -i

Example of port scanning:

sudo netwox 67 -i -p 1-1000

ICMP scanning for availability:

sudo netwox 65 -i

TCP port access scan:

sudo netwox 67 -i -p 80

UDP port access scan:

sudo netwox 69 -i -p 80

ARP scanning:

sudo netwox 71 -i

Flood random fragments:

sudo netwox 74 -i

Filling the table of MAC-addresses of the switch by sending a flood:

sudo netwox 75


sudo netwox 76 -i -p 80


Configure Firefox for anonymity

To get started, type the following in the address bar of the Firefox browser:


Below I will describe what settings transmit information about the user, for faster search, you can copy and paste the parameter into the search bar.

Google Safe Browsing (the parameter includes the transmission of information about the sites visited by the user on Google and prevents visits to sites with malicious software):


Sending stability and performance reports to Firefox:


Usage statistics:


The parameter transmits the real IP address even if a VPN connection or TOR is used:


Enabling integration with the Pocket service:


Using geolocation:


Firefox connects to third-party servers without permission:


Saving typed text in the search, for further tips:

Enabling locks to track user information:


Some information about the virus encryptor Trojan.Encoder.12544 attacked 06/27/2017

06/27/2017 After lunch, I received a call from one organization and reported that many computers stopped working, but some worked, I understood that Windows auto-update was enabled and all updates were installed, including the critical vulnerability fix that the virus uses – Microsoft Security Bulletin MS17-010 – Critical

On some infected computers, there was the following window (infected MBR area):

On the other side, the disk was checked for errors via CHDISK, as it turned out to be the second stage of the virus – disk encryption using AES-128-CBC algorithms and in this case, an immediate shutdown is necessary to recover the remaining unencrypted data.
Through special utilities, you could see only a few unencrypted data that can be recovered, and the rest can only be returned from backup copies made by system administrators since the decryptor is not available at the moment.
Under the old version of the virus last year, the decryptor was written

The mail that was specified for requesting the decryption key was blocked after some time after the virus appeared, even about 45 transactions were received on the wallet.

Disabling ecryptfs encryption at home directory

It took one day to disable the ecryptfs encryption of the home directory, which was once set up when installing the system.

First of all, we make a copy of the home directory of the right user:

sudo cp -rp /home/user /home/user_backup

Get the mount point in the directory:

PRIVATE=`cat ~/.ecryptfs/Private.mnt 2>/dev/null || echo $HOME/Private`

Unmount the directory:


Install the rights to the directory:

chmod 750 $PRIVATE

Delete the directory and directories ~/.Private, ~/.ecryptfs:

rm -rf $PRIVATE ~/.Private ~/.ecryptfs

And also in the made copy:

rm -rf /home/user_backup/.Private /home/user_backup/.ecryptfs

If ecryptfs is no longer used in the system, then we will delete the utilities:

sudo apt-get remove ecryptfs-utils libecryptfs0

Install the right user directory:

sudo chmod 750 /home/user
sudo chown user:user -R /home/user

Copy the necessary files from the backup copy of the home directory.


You can see the built-in statement with the command:

ecryptfs-setup-private --undo

See also:
The solution to the error “Could not chdir to home directory /home/user: Permission denied”

nice and ionice. Process Priorities

nice – allows you to specify the priority of the processor performing various tasks, the range of priorities is -20 to 19, where 19 is the smallest, if not specified, then there will be a standard priority of 0. Convenient for example when packing data into archives so that this task does not load the server or when many processes need to be started, distributing the load, which occupy all CPU time.

Example of the execution of the command with the lowest priority:

nice -n 19 COMMAND

See the table of processes and their priorities as follows (column NI):

ps axl
ps -l

If the table is large, you can redirect the output of the command to Less and look at the page:

ps axl | less

To change the priority:

renice -n 19 PROCESS(PID)

Checking the default priority value (standard 0):


ionice – allows you to specify the priority for I/O operations, for example, to reduce the load on the disk. The first class is from 1 to 3, then the priority is from 0 to 7, where 7 is the smallest.
There are three classes:
1) Real time – Preemptive without paying attention to other processes, indicating priorities from 0 to 7.
2) Best Effort — Standard with priorities from 0 to 7.
3) Idle — With idle time without priority.

Example of executing the command with the lowest I/O priority:

ionice -c2 -n7 COMMAND

To change the priority:

ionice -c2 -n7 -p PROCESS(PID)

To view the set priority:

ionice -p PROCESS(PID)

You can specify priorities at the same time via nice and ionice:

nice -n 19 ionice -c2 -n7 COMMAND

To specify high priorities, for example, you might need root permissions, this command should be executed as root user or added before the sudo command.

Solving the SSL problem “Connection is not secure – Parts of this page are not secure (such as images)”

I noticed once one site with a signed SSL certificate, a message from the Mozilla Firefox browser:

Connection is not secure – Parts of this page are not secure (such as images)

As it turned out, images from other sources were inserted on the site, so the connection can be considered not protected, and to solve this problem, you need to upload images to the current site and change the link on the pages, necessarily starting with https://.

If the site works on http:// and https://, and the pictures are on it, then the links should be changed for example from:

<img src="">


<img src="/img.jpg">


The reboot script of Wi-Fi routers TP-Link

Below is an example of the TP-Link router reboot script, I will test it on TL-WR720N 2.0 from Ubuntu Server.


# exit if router is down
ping -q -c 1 "$ROUTER_IP" > /dev/null || exit

curl --basic --user "$USERNAME:$PASSWORD" -A "Mozilla/4.73 [en] (X11; U; Linux 2.2.15 i686)" --refer "http://$ROUTER_IP" "$ROUTER_IP/userRpm/SysRebootRpm.htm?Reboot=reboot"

The contents of the script will be placed in a new file, for example, using the nano editor (“CTRL+X” to exit and “y” to save the changes):


And make it executable:

chmod 777

After this, we execute:


Similarly, you can perform other functions instead of rebooting.