Setting up and using LVM

LVM (Logical Volume Management) allows you to compile multiple disks and areas from disks into one logical volume and then split again as you like.

PV (Physical Volume) — partition or whole disk
VG (Volume Group) — a single disk assembled from physical volumes
LV (Logical Volume)

Switch to the root user:

sudo -i

Install LVM if it is not already installed (Ubuntu/Debian):

apt-get install lvm2

Let’s look at the information about the disks:

fdisk -l

On the test I have /dev/sda with the system and not marked /dev/sdb.

Let’s make the physical partition all /dev/sdb without partitioning:

pvcreate /dev/sdb

To view the list of physical volumes, use the command:

pvdisplay

Create a volume group named ixnfo:

vgcreate ixnfo /dev/sdb

If necessary, delete as follows:

vgremove ixnfo

Example of viewing existing groups and how much space is left:

vgdisplay

For the test, create a logical volume “temp” of 100 megabytes:

lvcreate -L100 -n temp ixnfo

To view the list of logical volumes, use the command:

lvdisplay

Let’s format it:

mkfs.ext4 -L temp /dev/ixnfo/temp

Create a folder, mount the created volume:

mkdir /mnt/temp
mount /dev/ixnfo/temp /mnt/temp

You can unmount it like this:

umount /mnt/temp/

See also:
Adding a disk to LVM
Managing disk partitions in Ubuntu using fdisk

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