Adding a disk to LVM

Suppose we have already configured LVM, for example, as I described in this article – Setting up and using LVM

Switch to the root user:

sudo su

If there is no hot-swap drive, turn off the server, connect a new disk, turn on the server and look at the name of the new disk (in my case it’s /dev/sdd):

fdisk -l

Let’s see the existing groups and how much space is left:

vgdisplay

Let’s see a list of physical volumes:

pvdisplay

Let’s start marking a new disk:

fdisk /dev/sdd
n
p
1
Enter
Enter
t
8e
w

Now create a physical volume:

pvcreate /dev/sdd1

Let’s see a list of logical volumes:

lvdisplay

We extend it by adding a new partition (where ixnfo is a volume group):

vgextend ixnfo /dev/sdd1

See the list of physical volumes as follows:

pvscan

Let’s look at the path of the logical volume (in my case /dev/ixnfo/temp) and add a new section:

lvextend /dev/ixnfo/temp /dev/sdd1

Let’s see the size of the mounted logical volume:

df -h

So the size did not change, we’ll fix it with the command:

resize2fs /dev/ixnfo/temp

Done.

Setting up and using LVM

LVM (Logical Volume Management) allows you to compile multiple disks and areas from disks into one logical volume and then split again as you like.

PV (Physical Volume) — partition or whole disk
VG (Volume Group) — a single disk assembled from physical volumes
LV (Logical Volume)

Switch to the root user:

sudo -i

Install LVM if it is not already installed (Ubuntu/Debian):

apt-get install lvm2

Let’s look at the information about the disks:

fdisk -l

On the test I have /dev/sda with the system and not marked /dev/sdb.

Let’s make the physical partition all /dev/sdb without partitioning:

pvcreate /dev/sdb

To view the list of physical volumes, use the command:

pvdisplay

Create a volume group named ixnfo:

vgcreate ixnfo /dev/sdb

If necessary, delete as follows:

vgremove ixnfo

Example of viewing existing groups and how much space is left:

vgdisplay

For the test, create a logical volume “temp” of 100 megabytes:

lvcreate -L100 -n temp ixnfo

To view the list of logical volumes, use the command:

lvdisplay

Let’s format it:

mkfs.ext4 -L temp /dev/ixnfo/temp

Create a folder, mount the created volume:

mkdir /mnt/temp
mount /dev/ixnfo/temp /mnt/temp

You can unmount it like this:

umount /mnt/temp/

See also:
Adding a disk to LVM
Managing disk partitions in Ubuntu using fdisk