Once, after the power was turned off, the UPS was discharged, then the generator automatic start did not work because it turned on and off several times, as a result, the server with MySQL was also started and disconnected from the power supply several times, later the tables of different databases were damaged , including the default database with mysql users, as a result, the MySQL daemon did not start.Continue reading “Recovering MySQL InnoDB after power failure”
Once after a power outage, on Cisco Catalyst 6509-E, instead of the main module WS-SUP720-3BXL, only the backup module was launched.
As I found out later, the memory card stopped working and, accordingly, the module could not start the firmware. At this moment on the module all the indicators glowed red.
On the test, I use the Ubuntu Server 14.04.5 LTS system.
And so, on a running system, switch to root user:Continue reading “Transferring a running Ubuntu system to another disk”
The official page for downloading firmware and utilities for recovery – https://www.asus.com/supportContinue reading “Firmware Update and Recovery of Asus RT-N10 Router”
It happened when during the process of updating the firmware of RocketM, NanoBeam, NanoStation and other Ubiquiti devices power was lost, or there were some other problems after which the device could not be accessed via the web interface and it did not work.
I will describe in points how you can restore the firmware:
1) Download firmware from the official site https://www.ubnt.com/download/, which you need to flash the device.
2) Start TFTP server. I described the launch example in these articles:
Starting a TFTP server in Windows
Installing and Configuring a TFTP Server in Ubuntu.
3) It is imperative to assign the computer exactly this IP address 192.168.1.254 and the subnet mask 255.255.255.0.
4) Turn off the device in which you need to restore the firmware, with the device turned off, press the RESET button and hold it to turn on the power to the device, continue to hold the RESET for 8-10 seconds, and then lower it. With these manipulations, we activate the recovery mode and the LED indicators will flash alternately. The IP address of the device 192.168.1.20 should start pinging, if not pinging, then alas will not be able to recover. To check the ping, the command is executed on the command line:
5) Now we’ll upload the previously downloaded firmware file to the TFTP server directory and send it. From windows, this can be done with the command:
tftp -i 192.168.1.20 put XM-v5.5.4.build16501.bin
From Linux, this is done by commands (you may have to put the firmware file in the user’s home directory):
tftp connect 192.168.1.20 bin trace put XM-v5.5.4.build16501.bin exit
When the firmware file from the TFTP server is sent to the device, you must wait until the firmware update process occurs and the device automatically reboots.
Fsck (File System ChecK) – checks and restores file systems.
Before starting the scan, unmount the file system with the command:
An example of starting a scan (where /dev/sda1 is a device or partition to be checked):
fsck -V -C -f /dev/sda1
View brief documentation:
I will describe some startup keys:
-C (display progress bar if possible)
-M (do not check mounted file systems)
-p (auto mode)
-y (agree to all questions)
-n (disagree on all questions)
-f (forced check)
-V (more detailed information)
NetInstall is used to reinstall RouterOS when it is damaged, the access password is incorrectly set or the access password is not known.
I will describe the basic steps:
1) Download NetInstall from the official site
2) Register a static IP address to the computer, for example 192.168.88.254
3) Connect the Ethernet cable to the router through the ETH1 port with the computer using the switch or directly.
4) Run the NetInstall application. Click the “Net booting” button, check “Boot Server” enabled and enter the IP address from the same subnet where the computer is located, for example 192.168.88.200, its NetInstall will temporarily assign it to the router. Any firewall on the computer must be disabled.
5) When the router is disconnected from the mains, press the “reset” button and continue to turn it on, wait for about half a minute until the NetInstall program displays a new device in the device list.
6) In “Packages”, click the “Browse” button and specify the directory with the firmware. In the list of devices (Routers/Drives) select a router, in the bottom of the list, tick the firmware to be downloaded to the router and click “Install”. The firmware is downloaded to the router and the status will be written “Waiting for reboot”, after which, instead of the install button, there will be a reboot button, and you will need to click it.
The router will boot with the new firmware. If there are any problems with the loading of the router, you can try to reset it to the standard settings by holding the reset button, or if there is a display, select “Restore settings” and enter the standard pin code 1234. Alternatively, restore via Netinstall with the tick “Keep Old Configuration” and indicating below your “Configure script”.
Usually on each disk there is an MBR (master boot record) and when the computer is turned on, the BIOS accesses it for information for further download. On Linux systems, GRUB is used as the boot loader, I will write about the recovery options of which below.
You can see the version of GRUB using the command:
1) First option.
We start the system with LiveCD/USB, for example in the Ubuntu Desktop image, in addition to the installation, it is possible to start the system.
Open the terminal, for this press Alt+F2 and enter the command: